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Category: statues

Forms of Hanuman : Panchamukhi Hanuman and Dakshinmukhi Maruti

Forms of Hanuman : Panchamukhi Hanuman and Dakshinmukhi Maruti

Forms of Hanuman : Panchamukhi Hanuman

One finds quite a few idols of the five-faced Maruti. These five faces
are those of the eagle (garud), boar (varah), horse (hayagriva), the
lion (sinha) and the monkey (kapi).This idol has ten arms, wields a
flag, a human head, a sword and other weapons. A five faced Deity
implies that it maintains vigilance and controls the five directions –
North, South, East, West and the upward direction. Hanuman facing the
south : Here, ‘south’ means the south direction and the right side.

Forms of Hanuman : Maruti facing the south (Dakshinmukhi Maruti)


The face of the idol is towards the south, hence it is known
as dakshinamukhi (dakshin = south, mukhi = face). One finds such
Hanuman idols in the cities of Mumbai, Pune, Aurangabad, etc. in the
state of Maharashtra and Basavgudi in Karnataka. Hanuman facing the
right side is aggressive (emits energy), akin to Ganapati with His
trunk pointing towards the right. Both these are worshipped in order
to overcome the adverse effects of distressing energies. The sushumna
nadi is always active in Deity Ganapati and Hanuman; but once Their
form is changed, there are slight variations and accordingly either
the surya or chandra nadi gets activated to some extent.

Forms of Hanuman : Science behind the idol

Forms of Hanuman : Science behind the idol

1.1 Colour

One comes across varied information about Hanuman’s true form.
He is mostly red and rarely black. ‘Red’ Hanuman is one who is smeared
with sindur (vermilion). Saturn’s (Shani’s) influence may have
resulted in His black complexion. Hanuman is popular as an incarnation
of Rudra or as the son of Rudra. The red complexioned Rudra has
perhaps influenced Hanuman’s complexion too. When Hanuman became red
in complexion, tales of His love for sindur gained popularity.
1. Once after bathing, Sita applied a red circular mark in the centre
of Her forehead with sindur. When Hanuman asked Her the reason for it,
She replied, “It prolongs the life of your Master.” This influenced
Hanuman so greatly that He smeared sindur over His entire body !
Once when Hanuman was proceeding to Lanka with the Dronagiri hills
Bharat struck Him with an arrow and wounded His leg. The wound healed
with a mixture of sindur and oil. Hence sindur and oil are Hanuman’s
favourites.’

One who responds to the vows of devotees

One who responds to the vows of devotees

Even today several men and women circumambulate Hanuman’s idol daily
as a vowed observance due to the belief that this deity responds to
one’s vows. Some people find it amazing that girls whose marriages do
not materialise are advised to worship the celibate Hanuman. Based on
psychology some erroneously jump to the conclusion that girls who wish
to marry a robust man worship Maruti. However the real reasons for the
worship are as follows.
30% of those who remain unmarried are so because of the influence of
spirits, black magic and other distressing energies. By worshipping
Maruti these obstacles are overcome and they are able to get married.
(10% of people remain unmarried due to high expectations about the
bride or groom. Once these expectations are reduced they can get
married. 50% remain unmarried due to destiny. If the destiny is mild
or moderate then by worshipping the family deity this can be overcome.
However if the destiny is severe then it is only with a saint’s grace
that marriage can occur. The remaining 10% remain unmarried due to
other spiritual causes and for that, the treatment depends on the
cause.)
Among deities of the highest level there are no differences between
celibates and married ones. Also since they are born by a mere resolve
(not born through the vaginal route) there are no gender differences
among them. These differences are created by man. A female deity is
but a representation of a deity’s energy.

Expert in literature, philosophy and the art of oratory

Expert in literature, philosophy and the art of oratory

2.7 Expert in literature, philosophy and the art of oratory

2.8 Founder of the science of Music
Maruti is considered a prominent founder of music. His connection with
Rudra is probably the reason why He is called so. Rudra is a form of
Lord Shiva. Since sound originated from Shiva’s small hourglass shaped
drum (Damaru) Shiva is thought to be the founder of music. It is only
after realising the musical talent in Maruti that Samarth Ramdas
Swamiconferred the title ‘Sangitdnyanmahanta’ meaning the great knower
of music, upon Him.

2.9 Founder of the Dhvajanath sect
The Nath sect has twelve sub-sects and Hanuman is considered to be the
founder of the Dhvajanath sect among them. The followers of this sect
are devotees of Hanuman

Characteristics of Hanuman – Mission and special features

Characteristics of Hanuman – Mission and special features

2.1 Omnipotent
Among all deities only Maruti cannot be troubled by distressing
energies. In Lanka there were lakhs of demons yet they could not do
anything to Maruti. There is a tale which says that Maruti leapt to
devour the sun as soon as He was born. From this it is obvious that
Maruti, son of Vayu [generated from vayu (absolute air)] was one who
could win over the sun [tej (absolute fire) element]. Of the pruthvi
(absolute earth), apa (absolute water), tej (absolute fire), vayu
(absolute air) and akash (absolute ether) elements the vayu element is
the most subtle and therefore more powerful than the tejelement.
Spirits and Maruti: Maruti is considered as the master of spirits.
Hence when someone is possessed by a spirit he is taken to Hanuman’s
temple or verses (stotras) of Maruti are recited.
2.2 Devotee
Even today the best example to illustrate devotion as a servant
(dasyabhakti) is that of Maruti towards Rama. He was ever-ready to
sacrifice even His life for the sake of His Lord. Before the service
of His Lord even attainment of Liberation (Moksha) was worthless to
Him. Hanuman is a combination of a servitor and a soldier!
2.3 Constant vigilance and spiritual practice
As the battle continued Maruti would sit aside and meditate for
sometime. However even at that time He would remain alert, with His
tail resting on His mace.

Characteristics of Hanuman – Mission and special features

Characteristics of Hanuman – Mission and special features

Contents

1. History and some other Names
2. Mission and special features

o 2.1 Omnipotent
o 2.2 Devotee
o 2.3 Constant vigilance and spiritual practice
o 2.4 Intelligent
o 2.5 A great psychologist and an expert politician
o 2.6 Mastery over the senses (jitendriya)
o 2.7 Expert in literature, philosophy and the art of oratory
o 2.8 Founder of the science of Music
o 2.9 Founder of the Dhvajanath sect
o 2.10 One who responds to the vows of devotees
o 2.11 Immortal
o 2.12 Principle, ability and manifest energy

शनि की साढेसाती व हनुमानकी पूजा

शनि की साढेसाती व हनुमानकी पूजा

यदि शनिकी साढेसाती हो, तो उस प्रभावको कम करने हेतु हनुमानकी पूजा करते
हैं । यह विधि इस प्रकार है – एक कटोरीमें तेल लें व उसमें काली उडदके
चौदह दाने डालकर, उस तेलमें अपना चेहरा देखें । उसके उपरांत यह तेल
हनुमानको चढाएं । जो व्यक्ति बीमारीके कारण हनुमान मंदिर नहीं जा सकता,
वह भी इस पद्धतिनुसार हनुमानकी पूजा कर सकता है ।  खरा तेली शनिवारके दिन
तेल नहीं बेचता, क्योंकि जिस शक्तिके कष्टसे छुटकारा पानेके लिए कोई
मनुष्य हनुमानपर तेल चढाता है, संभवत: वह शक्ति तेलीको भी कष्ट दे सकती
है । इसलिए हनुमान मंदिरके बाहर बैठे तेल बेचनेवालोंसे तेल न खरीदकर घरसे
ही तेल ले जाकर चढाएं ।

हनुमान को तेल, सिंदूर, रुईके पत्ते इत्यादि अर्पण करने का कारणपूजा के दौरान देवताओंको जो वस्तु अर्पित की जाती है,

हनुमान को तेल, सिंदूर, रुईके पत्ते इत्यादि अर्पण करने का कारणपूजा के दौरान देवताओंको जो वस्तु अर्पित की जाती है,

हनुमान को तेल, सिंदूर, रुईके पत्ते इत्यादि अर्पण करने का कारण

पूजा के दौरान देवताओंको जो वस्तु अर्पित की जाती है, वह वस्तु उन
देवताओंको प्रिय है, ऐसा बालबोध भाषामें बताया जाता है, उदा. गणपतिको लाल
फूल, शिवको बेल व विष्णुको तुलसी इत्यादि । उसके पश्चात् उस वस्तुके
प्रिय होनेके संदर्भमें कथा सुनाई जाती है । प्रत्यक्षमें शिव, विष्णु,
गणपति जैसे उच्च देवताओंकी कोई पसंद-नापसंद नहीं होती । देवताको विशेष
वस्तु अर्पित करनेका तात्पर्य आगे दिए अनुसार है ।
पूजाका एक उद्देश्य यह है कि, पूजी जानेवाली मूर्तिमें चैतन्य निर्माण हो
व उसका उपयोग हमारी आध्यात्मिक उन्नतिके लिए हो । यह चैतन्य निर्माण करने
हेतु देवताको जो विशेष वस्तु अर्पित की जाती है, उस वस्तुमें देवताओंके
महालोकतक फैले हुए पवित्रक (उस देवताके सूक्ष्मातिसूक्ष्म कण) आकर्षित
करनेकी क्षमता अन्य वस्तुओंकी अपेक्षा अधिक होती है । तेल, सिंदूर, रुईके
पत्तोंमें हनुमानके पवित्रक आकर्षित करनेकी क्षमता सर्वाधिक है; इसी करण
हनुमानको यह सामग्री अर्पित करते हैं ।

दासहनुमान व वीरहनुमान: ये हनुमानके दो रूप हैं 

दासहनुमान व वीरहनुमान: ये हनुमानके दो रूप हैं 

दासहनुमान व वीरहनुमान: ये हनुमानके दो रूप हैं । दासहनुमान रामके आगे

हाथ जोडे खडे रहते हैं । उनकी पूंछ जमीनपर रहती है । वीरहनुमान योद्धा
मुद्रामें होते हैं । उनकी पूंछ उत्थित रहती है व दाहिना हाथ माथेकी ओर
मुडा रहता है । कभी-कभी उनके पैरों तले राक्षसकी मूर्ति भी होती है ।
भूतावेश, जादू-टोना इत्यादि द्वारा कष्ट दूर करनेके लिए वीरहनुमानकी
उपासना करते हैं ।
दक्षिणमुखी हनुमान: इस मूर्तिका मुख दक्षिणकी ओर होता है इसलिए इसे
दक्षिणमुखी हनुमान कहते हैं । जादू-टोना, मंत्र-तंत्र इत्यादि प्रयोग
प्रमुखत: ऐसी मूर्तिके सम्मुख ही किए जाते हैं । ऐसी मूर्तियां
महाराष्ट्रमें मुंबई, पुणे, औरंगाबाद इत्यादि क्षेत्रोंमें व कर्नाटकमें
बसवगुडी क्षेत्रमें पाई जाती हैं ।