Hanuman Chalisa is a poetic composition of the great saint Goswami
Tulsidas. Tulsidas is considered to be an incarnation of Saint
Valmiki. It is believed that Tulsidas composed Hanuman Chalisa in a
state of Samadhi in a kumbh mela in Haridwar. Chalisa means forty and
this famous composition has 40 verses in praise of Hanuman.
Saint Tulsidas says that whoever chants Hanuman Chalisa will attract
the infinite grace of Lord Hanuman.
Hidden Divine Secrets of Hanuman Chalisa
8 murtis or deities, 12 jyotirlingas, 5 mukhs or faces and 15 eyes = 40
There is a special reason for chanting Hanuman Chalisa. The 40 verses
should be chanted for 40 days to have one`s prayers answered and to
gain immense merit. The divine Chalisa is very powerful as it has:
If one recites this Chalisa with total faith and devotion then one
earns the merit of having the darshan of the 8 murtis, 12
jyotirlingas, 5 mukhs, and 15 eyes.
Samarth Ramdas Swami has said, ‘Hanumant is our Deity’.
Hanuman represents energy, skill and devotion. Hence, Saint Ramdas
initiated the worship of Hanuman. The eleven Hanuman idols installed
by Him are well known. In North India too, Saint Tulsidas established
temples and gave importance to worship of Hanuman. Madhavacharya
(founder of the Brahma sect, propounding duality) is considered to be
an incarnation of Hanuman. Several other saints have also glorified
Hanuman through Their compositions to set an example for society
One comes across varied information about Hanuman’s true form.
He is mostly red and rarely black. ‘Red’ Hanuman is one who is smeared
with sindur (vermilion). Saturn’s (Shani’s) influence may have
resulted in His black complexion. Hanuman is popular as an incarnation
of Rudra or as the son of Rudra. The red complexioned Rudra has
perhaps influenced Hanuman’s complexion too. When Hanuman became red
in complexion, tales of His love for sindur gained popularity.
1. Once after bathing, Sita applied a red circular mark in the centre
of Her forehead with sindur. When Hanuman asked Her the reason for it,
She replied, “It prolongs the life of your Master.” This influenced
Hanuman so greatly that He smeared sindur over His entire body !
Once when Hanuman was proceeding to Lanka with the Dronagiri hills
Bharat struck Him with an arrow and wounded His leg. The wound healed
with a mixture of sindur and oil. Hence sindur and oil are Hanuman’s
1. Science behind the idol
· 1.1 Colour
· 1.2 Form
2. Shani (Saturn) and Maruti
· 2.1 Similarities
· 2.2 Differences
3 Demigods (yakshas) and Maruti
4 Ganapati and Maruti
5 Importance of Maruti as described by saints
Even today several men and women circumambulate Hanuman’s idol daily
as a vowed observance due to the belief that this deity responds to
one’s vows. Some people find it amazing that girls whose marriages do
not materialise are advised to worship the celibate Hanuman. Based on
psychology some erroneously jump to the conclusion that girls who wish
to marry a robust man worship Maruti. However the real reasons for the
worship are as follows.
30% of those who remain unmarried are so because of the influence of
spirits, black magic and other distressing energies. By worshipping
Maruti these obstacles are overcome and they are able to get married.
(10% of people remain unmarried due to high expectations about the
bride or groom. Once these expectations are reduced they can get
married. 50% remain unmarried due to destiny. If the destiny is mild
or moderate then by worshipping the family deity this can be overcome.
However if the destiny is severe then it is only with a saint’s grace
that marriage can occur. The remaining 10% remain unmarried due to
other spiritual causes and for that, the treatment depends on the
Among deities of the highest level there are no differences between
celibates and married ones. Also since they are born by a mere resolve
(not born through the vaginal route) there are no gender differences
among them. These differences are created by man. A female deity is
but a representation of a deity’s energy.
‘There is no mention of Hanuman made anywhere in Vedic literature. Researchers feel that “Hanumant” must be the Sanskrut form of a Tamil word. When translating Dravidian words into Sanskrut there is a practice of mostly prefixing the alphabet “h” to the word, for instance Idumbika (proud woman) becomes Hidimba, so also Anmandi (an meaning monkey and mandi meaning man) when translated to Sanskrut becomes Hanuman. Hanuman is also known as “Anumandan” in South India. This implies that “h” from the Sanskrut word has been omitted here.’ The story behind the birth of Hanuman is given in Valmiki Ramayan (Kishkindhakand, sarga 66) as follows: Anjani gave birth to Hanuman. After birth, thinking that the rising sun was a golden fruit He leapt into the sky for it. That day being a solar eclipse (parvatithi) Rahu (the dragon’s head) had come to engulf the sun. Thinking that Hanuman was another Rahu Lord Indraattacked Him with His thunderbolt. It struck Hanuman’s chin (hanuvati) which got cut and developed a cleft. Thus he acquired the name Hanuman.
In a way Maruti also becomes Rama’s brother because along with the queens of King Dasharath, Anjani who was also performing austerities received the sweet (payas) from the sacrificial fire (yadnya) and it was because of this that Marutiwas born. It was the full moon (pournima) day of the Hindu lunar month of Chaitra. This is celebrated as the birthday of Hanuman (Hanuman jayanti).
1. History and some other Names
2. Mission and special features
o 2.1 Omnipotent
o 2.2 Devotee
o 2.3 Constant vigilance and spiritual practice
o 2.4 Intelligent
o 2.5 A great psychologist and an expert politician
o 2.6 Mastery over the senses (jitendriya)
o 2.7 Expert in literature, philosophy and the art of oratory
o 2.8 Founder of the science of Music
o 2.9 Founder of the Dhvajanath sect
o 2.10 One who responds to the vows of devotees
o 2.11 Immortal
o 2.12 Principle, ability and manifest energy
यदि शनिकी साढेसाती हो, तो उस प्रभावको कम करने हेतु हनुमानकी पूजा करते
हैं । यह विधि इस प्रकार है – एक कटोरीमें तेल लें व उसमें काली उडदके
चौदह दाने डालकर, उस तेलमें अपना चेहरा देखें । उसके उपरांत यह तेल
हनुमानको चढाएं । जो व्यक्ति बीमारीके कारण हनुमान मंदिर नहीं जा सकता,
वह भी इस पद्धतिनुसार हनुमानकी पूजा कर सकता है । खरा तेली शनिवारके दिन
तेल नहीं बेचता, क्योंकि जिस शक्तिके कष्टसे छुटकारा पानेके लिए कोई
मनुष्य हनुमानपर तेल चढाता है, संभवत: वह शक्ति तेलीको भी कष्ट दे सकती
है । इसलिए हनुमान मंदिरके बाहर बैठे तेल बेचनेवालोंसे तेल न खरीदकर घरसे
ही तेल ले जाकर चढाएं ।
हनुमान को तेल, सिंदूर, रुईके पत्ते इत्यादि अर्पण करने का कारणपूजा के दौरान देवताओंको जो वस्तु अर्पित की जाती है,
हनुमान को तेल, सिंदूर, रुईके पत्ते इत्यादि अर्पण करने का कारण
पूजा के दौरान देवताओंको जो वस्तु अर्पित की जाती है, वह वस्तु उन
देवताओंको प्रिय है, ऐसा बालबोध भाषामें बताया जाता है, उदा. गणपतिको लाल
फूल, शिवको बेल व विष्णुको तुलसी इत्यादि । उसके पश्चात् उस वस्तुके
प्रिय होनेके संदर्भमें कथा सुनाई जाती है । प्रत्यक्षमें शिव, विष्णु,
गणपति जैसे उच्च देवताओंकी कोई पसंद-नापसंद नहीं होती । देवताको विशेष
वस्तु अर्पित करनेका तात्पर्य आगे दिए अनुसार है ।
पूजाका एक उद्देश्य यह है कि, पूजी जानेवाली मूर्तिमें चैतन्य निर्माण हो
व उसका उपयोग हमारी आध्यात्मिक उन्नतिके लिए हो । यह चैतन्य निर्माण करने
हेतु देवताको जो विशेष वस्तु अर्पित की जाती है, उस वस्तुमें देवताओंके
महालोकतक फैले हुए पवित्रक (उस देवताके सूक्ष्मातिसूक्ष्म कण) आकर्षित
करनेकी क्षमता अन्य वस्तुओंकी अपेक्षा अधिक होती है । तेल, सिंदूर, रुईके
पत्तोंमें हनुमानके पवित्रक आकर्षित करनेकी क्षमता सर्वाधिक है; इसी करण
हनुमानको यह सामग्री अर्पित करते हैं ।