Hanuman is an emanation, or divine incarnation of Lord Shiva blended with the vital aspect of being the son of the monkey leader, Kesari.
In the Ramayana, Hanuman symbolizes the sadhana shakti, or power of spiritual practice. He is also the symbol of the faith that can move mountains. He is the son of the monkey hero Kesari (lion-like
resolve), and mother Anjani (beautifying collyrium—the divine ungent
of pure feeling applied to the vision of the soul). God in the form of
Cosmic Prana-the wind-god, Vayu (an aspect of the Cosmic Mind)-is his
Divine Father. In fact, Hanuman is an emanation of Lord Shiva
(Brahman, or the unchanging reality amidst and beyond the world).
emergence of faith in the heart of an aspirant is the result of the
convergence all of these mystical elements.
“Listen, Hanuman,” said Rama; “no god or man or sage that has ever been born into this world has been such a benefactor to me as you.
What service can I do you in return? When I think of it, I am unable
to look you in the face. Upon reflection, my son, I have come to the
conclusion that I cannot ever repay you.” Again and again as the
protector of the gods gazed on Hanuman, his eyes filled with tears and
his whole body quivered with emotion.
When Hanuman heard what his Lord said and gazed on his face and body
beaming with delight, he experienced a thrill of joy all over his body
and fell at his feet, crying out in the ecstasy of devotion, “Save me,
save me, O Blessed Lord!” [from the clutches of egotism]
Again and again the Lord sought to raise him up, but he was so
absorbed in love that he would not rise. The lotus hands of the Lord
rested on his head. Gauri’s lord (Shiva) was overcome by emotion when
he recalled that scene. But again, composing himself, Shiva resumed
the most charming narrative. The Lord raised Hanuman and clasped him
to his heart; then he took him by the hand and seated him close by his
side and said, “Tell me Hanuman, how could you contrive to burn
Ravana’s stronghold of Lanka, a most impregnable fortress?”
When Hanuman found the Lord so gracious, he replied in words of
singular modesty: “A monkey’s greatest valour lies in his skipping
about from one branch to another. That I should have been able to leap
across the ocean, burn the golden city, slay the demon host and lay
waste the Ashoka grove was all due to your might Raghunath; in no
sense was the strength my own, my Lord. Nothing, Lord, is unattainable
to him who enjoys your favour; through your might a mere shred of
cotton can surely burn up the fire beneath the sea. Be pleased, O
Lord, to grant me unceasing devotion, which is a source of the highest
When the Lord, O Parvati, heard the most artless speech of Hanuman,
he replied, “So be it.”
bala buddhi vidyaa dehu mohi
harahu kalesa bikaara.
bala – strength
budhi vidyaa – intelligence/wisdom
dehu – give
mohi – me
harahu – remove
kalesa – suffering
bikaara – impurity
Grant me strength, intelligence and wisdom and remove my sorrows and shortcomings.
siya vara raamachandra pada jai sharanam
Siyaa – Sita’s
vara – husband
Raamachandra – Ramachandra
pada – feet
jai –victory to
sharanam – shelter
Hail to the refuge of the feet of Sita’s husband, Ramachandra.
When King Dashrath performed a yagya to be blessed by sons, the sage gave him kheer to be fed to his wives.
As Kaushalya was handed her portion, a kite snatched it and flew away to Anjana. On lord Shiva’s signal, Lord Vayu placed the kheer on Anjana’s hand and she ate it thinking it was Lord Shiva’s Prasad. Hence, Hanuman was born to her as the incarnation of Lord Shiva and he is also known as Vayu Putra or Maruti as Vayu was called Maruti.
Hanuman’s devotion and perseverance so moved Brahma that he blessed him with several boons. This included the ability to be immune to weapons, to change his form at will, and to be able to travel easily wherever he wished.
Brahma gave Hanuman a boon that nobody will be able to kill him with any weapon in war. From Brahma he obtained the power of inducing fear in enemies, of destroying fear in friends, to be able to change his form at will and to be able to easily travel wherever he wished. From Shiva, Hanuman obtained the boons of longevity, scriptural wisdom and ability to cross the ocean. Lord Shiva assured safety of Hanuman with a band (kavach) that would protect him for life.
Varuna blessed baby Hanuman with a boon that he would always be protected from water. Agni blessed him, Saying, “Fire will never burn you.” Surya gave him two siddhis of yoga namely “laghima” and “garima”. With “laghima” he could attain the smallest form and with “garima” he could attain the biggest form of life. Vayu blessed him with more speed than he himself had. Yama, the God of Death blessed him healthy life and free from his weapon Yama Danda, thus death would not come to him.
After returning to Ayodhya, Rama decides to have Ashwamedha yagya and Shatrugan was given the task of protecting the horse with Bharat’s son Pushkal. The horse reached Devpur,owned by Veer muni- a devotee of lord Shiva and his son Angad.
Angad tied the horse thinking no one can defeat his father. In the battle followed, Pushkal kills Veer muni and Lord Shiva then sends veerbhadra to tackle Pushkal and Shatrugan and defeats them. Hanuman hearing this, Attacks Shiva saying even though you are a devotee of Rama tonight you are his enemy. And he fought Shiva. Shiva was impressed by this feat of Hanuman and later helped look after Pushkal and Shatrugan while Hanuman got Sanjeevani from Himalayas to revive them.
A Mighty Fish Conceived Hanuman’s Son Makar Dhwaja Hanuman’s Son Makar Dhwaja was born to a mighty fish of the same name when Hanuman after burning the entire Lanka with his tail had dipped
in the sea to cool off his body. It is said that his sweat was
swallowed by the fish and thus was Makar Dhwaja conceived.
The fish was caught by Ravana’s step brother Ahiravana who ruled Patal, the
nether world. When Makar Dhwaja grew up, Ahiravana was impressed by
his strength and virility. He then made him his soldier.
Hanuman had lost in a duel with Makar Dhwaja when he went to rescue
Rama and Laxman whom Ahiravana had kidnapped. Later, Hanuman killed
Ahiravana and made his son Makardhwaja, the king and left the place
with Lord Rama and his brother Laxman.
In Sanskrit Hanu means Jaw and man means disfigured so Hanuman means
disfigured jaw. No wonder, Hanuman’s jaw as a kid was disfigured by
none other than Lord Indra who had used his vajra (Thunderbolt)
against Anjaneya, who took sun as a riped mango and even went to trace
it up in the sky.
It was here in the sky that Lord Indra had used his
vajra which threw Anjaneya straight on the earth damaging his jaw
Hanuman was an incarnation of Shiva and considered to be an
exemplification of strength, devotion, and perseverance.
Anjana, a beautiful Apsara in celestial palace court of Lord Brahma
was cursed by a sage that, the moment she fell in love her face would
transform to that of a monkey. Lord Brahma thought of helping her and
she took birth on Earth. Later, Anjana fell in love with Kesari, the
monkey king and they both married each other. Being an ardent devotee
of Lord Shiva, she continued with her tapasya to please the God.
Shiva was impressed and she wished him to be her son so that she would
be freed from the curse of the sage.
Few days later, King Dasrath was performing a yagna after which the
sage gave him kheer to feed all his wives. A portion of Kaushlya, his
eldest wife, was snatched by a kite who flew all the way where Anjana
was meditating. Lord Vayu (aka Pawan – Wind) on the signal of Lord
Shiva kept the kheer in Anjana’s hand. Thinking it as Lord Shiva’s
prasad Anjana ate it and thus gave birth to his incarnation – Pawan
Putra Hanuman, the son of the Lord of the Winds.