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3. Demigods (Yakshas) and Maruti

3. Demigods (Yakshas) and Maruti

The Yakshas are described as brave and invisible. In the
Valmiki Ramayan, Hanumant is addressed as the ‘invisible one’. Mahavir
(The great valiant) is one of the well known names of Hanuman. It
indicates the relationship between Hanuman and the worship of Yaksha.
Hanumant finds a mention in the list of the fifty-two valiants, as
Kapilumbir. At many places in Maharashtra, in the Hindu lunar month of
Phalgun, processions of ‘valiants’ are on their way to worship
Virmaruti.

4. Ganapati and Maruti

Both are red in colour. Both possess ashtamahasiddhi (The
eight great supernatural powers).

2.2 Differences

2.2 Differences

1. Shani is the son of the Sun Deity (fire element), whereas Hanuman
is the son of the Wind Deity (air element).

2. There is discord between Shani and the Sun, whereas Hanuman is a
devotee of the Sun. Hanuman has acquired all His knowledge from the
Sun. The Sun has also imparted a hundredth fraction of its radiance to
Hanuman. Due to discord between Shani and the Sun, the Sun helped
Hanuman, who is considered to be Shani’s enemy. At that time, the air
element and energy had not manifested completely in Hanuman.

3. Shani is slow, whereas Hanuman is swift like the eagle.

4. Shani is considered to be an evil planet. Hanuman is certainly not evil.

5. There is a custom of not selling oil on Saturdays, whereas there is
a tradition of offering oil to Hanuman on Saturdays.

2.1 Similarities

2.1 Similarities

1. In the Hanumantsahasranam stotra, Shani is mentioned as one of the thousand names of Hanumant.

2. The Suryasanhita mentions that Hanuman was born on a Saturday (Shanivar).

3. Rudra is one of Shani’s ten names.

4. Like Shani, Hanuman too is occasionally depicted as dark complexioned.

5. In Garhval where Shani is popular, Hanuman too is depicted as wielding an iron whip. Hence, unknowingly a similarity must have been established between Shani and Hanuman. Thus leading to worship of Hanuman on Saturday and the incorporation of this worship in the vowed observance on Saturday.

Forms of Hanuman : Maruti as the servitor (Dasmaruti) and Maruti as the courageous one (Virmaruti)

Forms of Hanuman : Maruti as the servitor (Dasmaruti) and Maruti as the courageous one (Virmaruti)

1.2 Form

Look at the two figures given below. Decide with which figure you feel
more pleasant and then read further.Figure A
Figure B

At one of our workshops in Mumbai twenty-five out of thirty-six
seekers who participated in this experiment gave their answers. The
average spiritual level of the seekers was 35%. During a satsang
(spiritual meeting) at times the spiritual level of a seeker can even
become 40-50%. The spiritual level of an average person is 20% while
that of one who has attained the Final Liberation (Moksha) is 100%. If
average individuals participate in the experiment, they do not
perceive anything. Hence in such experiments everyone does not get
spiritual experiences. Only those who have attained a spiritual level
of 35% and above and are able to perceive something of the subtle
dimension are able to give answers. Sixteen out of twenty-five seekers
experienced serenity (shanti) with figure ‘A’ and the rest with figure
‘B’.

Figure ‘A’ depicts the tail of Maruti as the servitor (Dasmaruti) and
figure ‘B’ the tail of Maruti as the courageous one (Virmaruti). One
must have realised how without even looking at the entire form of
Maruti merely by looking at His tail, energy or divine consciousness
(chaitanya) in His form is manifested. Energy manifests from Maruti as
the courageous one and divine consciousness from Maruti as the
servitor since the latter is merged into Lord Rama.

Forms of Hanuman : Maruti as the servitor (Dasmaruti) and Maruti as
the courageous one (Virmaruti)

Hanuman has two forms namely Maruti as the servitor and Maruti as the
courageous one. The servitor form is the one in which Hanuman stands
in front of Rama with His hands folded in obeisance, His tail resting
on the ground. The stance of Maruti as the courageous one is that of
one ready for battle. His tail is upright and His right hand is turned
towards His head. Sometimes even a demon crushed under His feet is
depicted. To overcome problems of possession, black magic, etc. Maruti
as the courageous one is worshipped.

Forms of Hanuman : Science behind the idol

Forms of Hanuman : Science behind the idol

1.1 Colour

One comes across varied information about Hanuman’s true form.
He is mostly red and rarely black. ‘Red’ Hanuman is one who is smeared
with sindur (vermilion). Saturn’s (Shani’s) influence may have
resulted in His black complexion. Hanuman is popular as an incarnation
of Rudra or as the son of Rudra. The red complexioned Rudra has
perhaps influenced Hanuman’s complexion too. When Hanuman became red
in complexion, tales of His love for sindur gained popularity.
1. Once after bathing, Sita applied a red circular mark in the centre
of Her forehead with sindur. When Hanuman asked Her the reason for it,
She replied, “It prolongs the life of your Master.” This influenced
Hanuman so greatly that He smeared sindur over His entire body !
Once when Hanuman was proceeding to Lanka with the Dronagiri hills
Bharat struck Him with an arrow and wounded His leg. The wound healed
with a mixture of sindur and oil. Hence sindur and oil are Hanuman’s
favourites.’

One who responds to the vows of devotees

One who responds to the vows of devotees

Even today several men and women circumambulate Hanuman’s idol daily
as a vowed observance due to the belief that this deity responds to
one’s vows. Some people find it amazing that girls whose marriages do
not materialise are advised to worship the celibate Hanuman. Based on
psychology some erroneously jump to the conclusion that girls who wish
to marry a robust man worship Maruti. However the real reasons for the
worship are as follows.
30% of those who remain unmarried are so because of the influence of
spirits, black magic and other distressing energies. By worshipping
Maruti these obstacles are overcome and they are able to get married.
(10% of people remain unmarried due to high expectations about the
bride or groom. Once these expectations are reduced they can get
married. 50% remain unmarried due to destiny. If the destiny is mild
or moderate then by worshipping the family deity this can be overcome.
However if the destiny is severe then it is only with a saint’s grace
that marriage can occur. The remaining 10% remain unmarried due to
other spiritual causes and for that, the treatment depends on the
cause.)
Among deities of the highest level there are no differences between
celibates and married ones. Also since they are born by a mere resolve
(not born through the vaginal route) there are no gender differences
among them. These differences are created by man. A female deity is
but a representation of a deity’s energy.

Hanumant is also known as Maruti. 

Hanumant is also known as Maruti. 

In the Mahabharat He is referred to as Marutatmaja. The word Maruti has originated from the word Marut.

There are many schools of thought regarding Maruti and Rudra.
Maruts are the sons of Rudra and so is Maruti.’
‘There are eleven rudras. Since Hanuman too is a rudra He is included
in these eleven. Bhim is one of the Names of the eleven rudras.
Hanuman has also been referred to as “Bhimrupi Maharudra”. It is
believed that probably Hanumant’s five faced idols have been derived
due to the influence of the five-faced idol of Rudrashiva.
Hanuman is considered an incarnation of Lord Rudra. Researchers opine
that the relationship between Hanuman and Rudra must have originated
in the era of the Purans. In the story from the Ramayan narrating
Hanuman’s birth, Vayu (generated from absolute air) is referred to as
His father. Later due to His innate qualities He became an incarnation
of Lord Rudra. The relationship between Hanuman and Lord Rudra has
been clearly illustrated in the Skand Puran, Brahmavaivarta Puran,
Narad Puran, Shiva Puran, Bhavishya Puran, Mahabharat Puran, etc.’

Characteristics of Hanuman – History and some other Names

Characteristics of Hanuman – History and some other Names

‘There is no mention of Hanuman made anywhere in Vedic literature. Researchers feel that “Hanumant” must be the Sanskrut form of a Tamil word. When translating Dravidian words into Sanskrut there is a practice of mostly prefixing the alphabet “h” to the word, for instance Idumbika (proud woman) becomes Hidimba, so also Anmandi (an meaning monkey and mandi meaning man) when translated to Sanskrut becomes Hanuman. Hanuman is also known as “Anumandan” in South India. This implies that “h” from the Sanskrut word has been omitted here.’ The story behind the birth of Hanuman is given in Valmiki Ramayan (Kishkindhakand, sarga 66) as follows: Anjani gave birth to Hanuman. After birth, thinking that the rising sun was a golden fruit He leapt into the sky for it. That day being a solar eclipse (parvatithi) Rahu (the dragon’s head) had come to engulf the sun. Thinking that Hanuman was another Rahu Lord Indraattacked Him with His thunderbolt. It struck Hanuman’s chin (hanuvati) which got cut and developed a cleft. Thus he acquired the name Hanuman.
In a way Maruti also becomes Rama’s brother because along with the queens of King Dasharath, Anjani who was also performing austerities received the sweet (payas) from the sacrificial fire (yadnya) and it was because of this that Marutiwas born. It was the full moon (pournima) day of the Hindu lunar month of Chaitra. This is celebrated as the birthday of Hanuman (Hanuman jayanti).

Hanuman Puja vidhi (Ritual) and worship of Lord Hanuman

Hanuman Puja vidhi (Ritual) and worship of Lord Hanuman

Hanuman Puja Vidhi – Objectives
Hanuman has more manifest energy (72%) as compared to other Deities
who have approximately 10% manifest energy. The following reasons
(based on concepts of energy) inspire devotees to worship Hanuman –
1. Problems caused by negative energy, influence of Shani, etc.
2. To channelise pleasant energy : To overcome obstacles in the path
of activated kundalini (spiritual energy) and to channelise it in the
appropriate direction.
Method of worship of Hanuman and following Hanuman Puja Vidhi
Prevalent practice of worship and Hanuman Puja Vidhi
Hanuman jayanti is celebrated in Maharashtra, on the full moon day
(pournima) of the Hindu lunar month of Chaitra. Maharashtrians
consider Saturday as the day of Hanuman whereas in all other places in
India it is Tuesday and Saturday. There is a custom of offering oil
and sindur (Vermilion) to Hanuman on this day. At some places, the
practice of breaking a coconut is a part of the worship. For spiritual
progress, people worship Hanuman facing the left side, that is the
‘vamamukhi (Vama = left, mukha = face)’ idol.